Saturday, February 25, 2017
National Iranian Oil Refining & Distribution Company (NIORDC)
|National Iranian Oil Refining & Distribution Company (NIORDC) was established in March 1991 per the principle of separation of the upstream (exploration and production of the crude oil and gas) from the downstream (refining, transfer of crude oil and its products, exports, imports and distribution of the oil products) activities. It launched its official activities as of 1992.
The company has served as one of the four main companies of the Ministry of Petroleum. Regarding growing need to oil products, the NIORDC has on its agenda the joint development program, updating and improving refineries and the huge project of construction of new refineries. The NIORDC activity is also reflected in its subsidiary companies like National Iranian Oil Engineering & Construction Co. (NIOEC), Iranian Oil Pipelines & Telecommunication Co. (IOPTC), and Oil Refining Industries Development Co. (ORIDC).
The most important duties of the NIORDC are as follows: Feedstock (crude oi and gas condensates) supply and transfer to refineries from the initial point of production in the country and from the initial point of the import; crude oil and gas condensate refining and processing of the liquids; production of different kinds of main and side oil products; transfer and displacement of oil products from the refineries, oil inventories and the initial point of imports and their delivery to the storage centers for distribution, the industrial units and the points of exports; transit, change, sale and exchange of oil products and crude oil (swap and bankering); supply, maintenance and expansion of the industrial communication networks; and transfer of data locally, regionally and nationwide; feasibility assessment; technical and economic studies; and designing, implementation, operation and supervision over the projects for establishment and development of refineries, oil inventories, points of supply, pipelines, transfer pumping stations, construction facilities, marine structures and telecommunication networks inside and outside the country.
Among other duties of the NIORDC are: Planning for supply and procurement of the parts and equipment needed for the development projects; mixing operational, financial and commercial programs of the subsidiary companies and comparing them with the communicated policies and guidelines; implementation of the laws and standards of the development projects; preparing specialized guidelines to keep and preserve and promote the standards of health, sanity, safety, environment and civil defense in the downstream section of the oil products refining and distribution; and policy making, planning, supervision, investment and international contribution into the refining, transfer and distribution of the oil products and substitute fuel inside and outside the country.
Since one of the main and important priorities of the NIORDC is upgrading quality of the oil products to the euro 4 standards to have cleaner weather and more healthy environment, the potential of euro 4 gasoline production in Iran has reached 26 million liters a day. By 1396 (2017-18) and as phases of the Persian Gulf Star Refinery come on stream, Iran is expected to join the club of gasoline exporters worldwide. Operation of the Persian Gulf Star Gas Condensate Refinery is among priorities of the country and based on the plans made, the first phase of the project will be operational by end of the current Iranian calendar year of 1395 (2016-17).
Presently, Iran has turned into a well-distinguished exporter of all oil product items, excluding gasoline, in the region and internationally. The Iranian refining industry now stands as a reference supplier of domestic needs as well as key regional and international player after gaining the model of profession totally different with that of the past years.
Iran is now getting to emerge as the major refiner in the Middle East in terms of refining capacity. It is one of the six major states in terms of exports capacity. So the fresh role of the industry in Iranian economy on the one hand and the economic diplomacy based on energy internationally, on the other hand, have provided Iranians and whole the world with a new and totally different image of the Iranian oil industry capacity.